In my continuing effort to persuade myself to get into eating bugs (or entomophagy…or “Prairie Shrimping”), it’s compelling consider the impact it would have on carbon footprints.
Not to poop in everyone’s 4th-of-July BBQ, but conventional animal protein production requires a huge energy expenditure, for…
- growing a massive amount of feed,
- transporting the feed and animals,
- operating the feed mills, factory farms, slaughterhouses, and meat-processing plants,
- keeping the meat refrigerated
Here are some comparisons to give context to the amount of fuel needed for your meat-orgy of a picnic…
- It takes as much fuel drive a car 10 miles as it does to produce 1 half-pound beef patty.
- It takes 1 gallon of fuel to produce 1 pound of grain-fed beef.
- To provide the yearly average beef consumption of an American family of 4 requires over 260 gallons of fuel.
- It takes 28 calories of fossil fuel energy to produce 1 calorie of meat protein.
[CONFESSION: I'm no carbon-abstaining saint (yet). I did buy 16lbs of shoulder meat this weekend for an epic ancho-flavored slow-roast. The amount of carbon dioxide this caused is equivalent to a drive from Madison, WI to Little Rock, AK... but this trip would in no way be equivalent in epicness to the resulting smoky-spicy tacos.]
The United Nations estimates that livestock-related emissions comprise about 14.5% of all manmade greenhouse gas output. That is a huge amount for an activity that doesn’t even register for many of us as a big energy consumer. (The top 2 are electricity at 32% and transportation at 28%.)
The world’s population is projected to grow almost 30% in the next 35 years, reaching 9 billion in 2050. If conventional animal protein continues to be relied upon, the already huge food-production emissions will continue to rise.
So about the footprint. A recent University of Oxford study determined how our eating choices impact our carbon footprint. Here’s a comparison of kilogram of carbon dioxide produced per diet-type…
- Heavy Meat Eaters (“heavy” means 3.5oz a day…the average American eats 4oz): 7.19 kilograms of carbon dioxide
- Medium Meat Eaters: 5.63
- Low Meat Eaters: 4.67
- Fish Eaters: 3.91
- Vegetarians: 3.81
- Vegans: 2.89(!)
To go vegan more than halves your carbon footprint. No need for public transportation or recycling to be an environmental good guy. Even just eating less meat can have a significant impact.
Although there are no numbers on the carbon footprint for a bug-only diet, because no one does this (yet… I think…), one can imagine it would be equivalent to the pescatarian/vegetarian numbers or lower. In insect-protein production, you do not have the extensive feed and processing needs of conventional animal protein.
So whenever I do confront my first insect meal, I can be consoled that I’m going from a carbon hoof-print to a teeny-tiny carbon ant-print. But will it taste as awesome as a 4-hour-roasted pulled-pork taco… eh…